Different processors used in Android Phones explained

Different processors used in Android Phones

One integral part of smartphones is the processor. I’m quite an Android fan-girl, so this post would be dedicated about different processors used in Android phones. If in future I manage to get an iPhone without selling my kidneys off, you might see one on different processors used in iPhones as well!

Android has so much variety. Android is found in so many smartphones, tablets and now even TVs. It has such variety in terms of processor. There are not only different processors, but every processor has a bunch of cores. Before all that, let’s go through the terminologies used in different processors used in Android phones.

Some Technical Terms related to different processors used in Android phones

What is a processor?

Different processors used in Android Phones
Your processor is like your butler!

Let’s say you want to play the latest video released by Vidya Vox on your Android phone. A processor would be your butler to carry out the work for you. All you have to do is give instructions. But processors are evolving amazingly. As our phones are getting smarter, you can very well see how dangerously the processors are evolving as well.

A decade ago, by phones we knew only a stationary object with cables that were as long as River Nile. But now, the phone in your hand (from which might might be reading this) is very much different from what it used to be back then. Hence, processors are quite a big deal.

What is a core?

Different processors used in Android Phones
Every core is like the hand of the butler

Cores are what processors made up of. For this post, cores are the arms of you butler. So you might be thinking that more the number of core (hands) more efficient is your processor (butler). Sometimes it is, sometimes it is not.

Initially it started with a single core, but then some genius came up with the concept of multiple cores. These cores were named – dual core, quad core, hexa core and deca cores. My first smartphone was a dual core Samsung Galaxy Grand, but now dual cores are not found in phones unless the phones are dedicated to perform some specific tasks like Wi Fi hotspots, VoLTE support,etc.

Why are cores important?

If you remember about that old desktop which you had in your childhood days, what is one thing that your computer couldn’t do back then but now can. It is the amazing ability to multitask. Our phones too multitask. Especially Android. When you are in Android, none of the apps actually shuts down completely once you exit them.

In order to make Androids multitask like never before, a lot of factors had to be kept in mind. One of them were processors. Thus, multi-core phones were brought to the picture. More the cores, better a phone could multitask.

What is dual-core,quad-core,hexa-core, octa-core,deca-core?

Dual core : These are the Android phones with 2 cores. Ex. Samsung Galaxy Grand, Asus Zenfone 4, Motorola Moto E, etc.

Quad core : These are the Android phones with 4 cores. Ex. Xiaomi Mi 5, Samsung Galaxy S5, Gionee Marathon M5 Lite, Gionee S6 etc.

Hexa core : These are the Android phones with 6 cores. Ex. Xiaomi Redmi Note 3, Moto X Style (Moto X Pure Edition), LG G4 etc.

Octa core : These are the Android phones with 8 cores. Ex. Lenovo Vibe K5 Plus, Coolpad Note 5, Lenovo K4 Note, Moto G5 Plus, etc.

Deca core : These are the Android phones with 10 cores. Ex. Xiaomi Redmi Note 4 (MediaTek), LeEco Le 2 Pro, Xiaomi Redmi Pro, etc.

People often tend to confuse the core speeds or clock speeds. Many a times, you many see a phone with specs ‘quad core processor running at 2 GHz‘. This means that the processor has 4 cores which runs at 2 GHz each. But there are also phones where cores have different speed. For example Lenovo Vibe K5 Plus is an octa core chipset. In this device, 4 cores are running at 1.5 GHz and the other cores are running at 1.2 GHz. Even though it is an octa core device, the device may not be that good cause the clock speeds aren’t that high.

What are the different processors used in Android Phones?

Qualcomm Snapdragon

Different processors used in Android Phones explained - Qualcomm Snapdragon Chipset

Qualcomm’s Snapdragon chipset is definitely the most heard about chipset when we are talking about different processors used in Android phones. Since it is the most used chipset, it goes without saying that it is the best one. Do you know why? Snapdragon chipsets are also known as SoC (System on Chip). By system we refer to CPU (Central Processing Unit), GPU (Graphics Processing Unit), Radio, Wi Fi, etc. It is very beneficial for any system to have all the system in the chipset. If it is not, then the time required to fetch data from these systems would increase and hence the overall speed of the device might go down.

Thus, Snapdragon chipsets are the best thing for your Android phone. Luckily, the other factors also adds up to the performance of the device. The other factors includes battery life, heating issues, performance, handling multitasking, etc. Although, as far as heating issues are concerned, Qualcomm has been trying to optimise their chipsets as much as possible so that the device heat up minimally.

MediaTek

Different processors used in Android Phones explained - MediaTek chipset

MediaTek chipsets have one key feature i.e. cores. There are ample number of cores in these chipset. Not always more cores can help a device multitask efficiently. There are other factors which are involved to make the device handle multitasking smoothly. Due to this, MediaTek chipsets often tend to get more heated than its competitors. More cores also leads to more battery drainage. But they are trying to optimize it so that they can stand a chance again Snapdragon.

Another area where MediaTek looses from Snapdragon is System on Chip. The difference in architecture of processor with the other systems affects the overall performance of the device. However, there are no words from MediaTek on this so we do not hope to see much changes in near future.

Exynos

Different processors used in Android Phones explained - Exynos Chipset

Exynos is used by none other than Samsung in their premium high-end Galaxy phones. Exynos is Samsung’s home grown processor. It gives them an edge over all the other chipsets as it can use it to its full potential. Exynos chipsets usually have lower clock speed by higher number of cores. Moreover, Exynos chipsets when compared to their Snapdragon counterpart tend to support more RAM. But, the same chipset fails to supports 4K recording as compared to their Snapdragon counterpart. Samsung uses their Exynos chipsets in phones for US market only.

Intel

Different processors used in Android Phones explained - Intel chipset

 

You must be familiar with the fact that Asus phones heat a lot. It is because they have Intel chipset. Atleast, they used to have it sometime back. Intel is quite famous among laptops and desktops. They are trying to optimise their chipsets as much as they can to deliver best performance as well as minimal heating in smartphones as well. They have 3rd party systems running on simultaneously for systems like GPU, etc. They are also trying to shift to SoC concept just like Qualcomm.

This articles contains everything I know about different processors used in Android Phones and my knowledge about them. Do let us know in the comments below if you know something more than what has been discussed above.

About Debshikha Banerjee 103 Articles
Gadget Woman is about a gadget loving woman who wants to tell the world about the new(and old) gadgets that's in the market

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